Upon completion of this course students are, first of all, expected to be able to discuss the historical evolution of public international law, to refer to its main subjects and sources and to be familiar with States’ implementation of international standards and the consequences of the breaches of international obligations. Secondly, students are to be able to critically analyse the main contemporary issues and challenges arising in various branches of public international law, including inter alia, the law of the sea, international human rights law, international criminal law, international humanitarian law and international environmental law.